Here’s why people are riding bikes in one of the world’s coldest cities

“Postholing” is a new cycling verb I learned this week, defined to me as I lay prone in three feet of light powder at -26 C in the sub-Arctic taiga of northern Canada.

For the record, the word describes what happens when your foot sinks deep into snow, as any showshoer (sans snowshoe) knows. When it comes to fatbiking, however, it tends to occur along a packed trail when you slow to a stop and place a foot down into the adjacent powder that looks only a few centimeters deep, but is, in actuality, up to your crotch. Your foot sinks deep into what now looks like a hole dug for a fence post, and the rest of your body follows, sprawling into the powder. Laughter, usually, ensues.

Frostbike Winter Cycling trip to Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

That was only one of the things I learned on a recent trip to Yellowknife, the capital of Canada’s Northwest Territories, a city of 20,000 that hugs the shores of the massive, frozen (at least it was when I was there) Great Slave Lake. I was invited by David Stephens or Boralis Bike Tours Unlimited (go book a guided fat-bike trip with him right now, especially if you want to take the last-ever trip down the ice road to Arctic coast) to speak about winter cycling, but it’s entirely possible I learned more from Yellowknifers than I could ever hope to teach them.

Yellowknife is an idiosyncratic, oft-overlooked, and completely charming, aberration. Outsiders may think this place shouldn’t exist, with its harsh weather, unforgiving environment, and isolation, but that shows what outsiders know. Yellowknife is a vibrant, diverse, endlessly surprising place. Lured by the promise of adventure, people from all over the world make their homes here, giving life to heritage shacks built into ancient bedrock and houseboats socked in by ice for half the year.

Frostbike Winter Cycling trip to Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

And even in mid-March, when a temperature of -15 C was greeted as a heat wave, there are people everywhere outdoors enjoying the season, even on bicycles.

Yes, even here, perhaps the least likely place in the world to think about riding a bike, people have found that two wheels can be a key to a better life. In fact, Yellowknife has some qualities that make it a great place for bikes. Here’s a list I’ve been keeping:

  • The city is small, meaning distances are short and easy to ride. As Stephens told me before I arrived: It’s possible to ride your bike to your destination in the same time it takes to simply warm up your car. Speed limits are slow, and car traffic is light.
  • The snow is uniquely favourable to bikes. With the cold temperatures, there’s little of the freeze-melt ice cycle that bedevils other cities. The snow that gets packed offers good traction in most places.
  • It’s too cold here for salt to be effective as an ice-melter, so it’s rarely used. That means you’re not risking rust every time you take your bike into the streets. It also helps keep the city nice and white for most of the winter, rather than the snirty brown of other places.
  • This place is awesome for fatbiking. Stephens guided me through some glorious trails that spread in and around the city. Ample snowfall in evergreen forests is quickly packed down by snowmobiles, which creates ideal tracks for fatbikes that are ringed with delightful powder (as evidenced by the aforementioned post-holing).
  • Once the lake freezes, roads are plowed on the ice, which create nice shortcuts for bikes, especially after a stabilizing layer of packed snow lays down (and imagine riding a fat bike beneath the northern lights on an ice highway. Go ahead, imagine it.)

Frostbike Winter Cycling trip to Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

But what I found most inspiring here was the way Yellowknifers deal with winter. Unlike farther south, I rarely heard people complain about the winter. Some have simply accepted it as a reality of life in the north, but most people I encountered told me they actually enjoy it. They were quick to offer tips about staying warm, they showed off clothing and tricks that I had never encountered before, and the city is full of fun events to get people enjoying winter. 

Stephens even organized my speaking engagement in the great hall of the Snowking’s snow castle, an amazing structure built of packed snow (don’t you dare call it an “ice” castle) that is the locus of a month-long winter festival. So, in other words, I delivered my speech in a snow castle on a frozen lake, which I feel confident saying would not happen anywhere else.

Frostbike Winter Cycling trip to Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

This is the kind of attitude that primes a community to year-round cycling. There’s a core group of people in town who have already seen the benefits, but I’m willing to bet a little nudge would encourage a whole raft of other people to give it a try. Some safe bike infrastructure, a commitment to maintaining bike routes all year, some reliable bike parking locations and even some support of the local fatbiking community would go a long way.

Frostbike Winter Cycling trip to Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

After all, people who have verb to describe a specific way of falling into the snow are probably well on their way to a more bike-friendly life already.


Why boring old unsexy plows are the key to urban cycling in winter


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  1. Peter Pankonin

    Hey Tom, riding up in Yellowknife sounds fabulous! I hope you’re planning to share some of the tips about staying warm and the clothing and tricks that you had never encountered before…perhaps in a second edition of Frostbike (or Frost-freeBike since it sounds like NWT’ers have perfected the art).

    btw, all our snow down here in S. Alberta is gone so enjoy it all you can up there.

  2. Melissa

    For what possible reason do they need cying infrastructure?! You just told us that the traffic is light and slow. Maybe all they need is a bike shop.

    • They could use some infrastructure to keep them safe in slippery conditions, and to improve the perception of safety. It makes a difference, even with light traffic. (And they have a great bike shop).

  3. Doug Wedel

    This is a fantastic story! Can we stay in touch with some of your new friends on social media like Facebook? I just have a ton of q’s looking for a’s. Like, what about the wildlife? Our first question will be about polar bears. There has been a winter cyclist pic where the guy is chased by a grizzly going around down south, are there any true or fictitious stories like that up there? And Nat Geo talks about a mixed breed of G with PB. Deer? Mice? Caribou? Et al and et al… Does that affect your bike ride?

    Does extreme cold affect grease or oil on a bike? -30, for instance?

    Can we find cycling clubs or discussion groups about bikes in YK?

    Oh… And how did the city get its name?

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